In new era of war, there are many kind of ways to get an advantage in the world war. There is a reason why they invade a country for their benefit. As all human kind knows, lately Iraq was invaded by United State of America for they own good. They make a huge destruction in Iraq. They also make a sanction and US policy in government of Iraq. Due to the sanction and US policy that they make in Iraq, there were many impacts that causes people in Iraq suffer.
The impacts due to the sanction and US policy are decline in economy, decreased health level, and increase in death. One of the impacts of sanction and US policy is declined in economy. Phyllis Bennis (2000) states by announcing throughout the world that its war against Iraq in the early part of 1991 was a “clean” war and US was proud about it, they mentioned that they used “smart weapon” that only targeted what they wanted-aside. In that war, their target included water treatment plants, sewage treatment plants, electrical generating plants, and communication centre.
The fact that the 22 million people of Iraq might be denied clean water was considered an acceptable consequence. Economic sanctions almost always have a dramatic effect on the parties recognized in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. They often cause extreme disruption in the distribution of food, pharmaceuticals and sanitation supplies, the quality of food and the availability of clean drinking water, also interferes with the function of basic health and education systems, and impaired the right to work.
The result has been absolute devastation for the civilian population at enormous cost in the future to be repaired. During the December 1998 military strikes, one oil refinery in Basra was deliberately targeted that particular refinery’s output was being use for smuggling but it is a violation of international law to destroy an economy target. Another impact of the sanction and U. S. policy is declining health. The inability of Iraq to make repairs means the continuation of malnutrition. Because of the sanctions, most of source for Iraqis to survive were polluted.
Contaminated water due to sewage treatment facilities and inadequate water treatment causes children in Iraq are easy to get diseases such as simple diarrhea, typhoid, and contaminated-water-borne diseases. Besides that, the sanction also give a long term effects in health which is reduction in the overall general health status of the population and deterioration in health service and diminished [sic] national capacity to provide care. Before the sanction, Iraq is a country who advanced in health-care system.
But after the sanction, they had many problems for instance Iraqis asked for 500 ambulances, approved by the World Health Organization as minimal under the circumstances, these were initially blocked in their entirety and then slowly after over six to nine months, were released 200 ambulances only. Likewise throughout the deterioration in health services such as medical equipment for hospitals and even education such paper books and pencil. According to John Pilger (2000), Anupama Rao Singh, Unicef’s senior representative in Iraq, told me. In 1989, the literacy rate was 95%; and 93% of the population had free access to modern health facilities. Parents who failed to send their children to school will be fined. Iraq had reached a stage where the basic indicators we use to measure overall well being of human beings, including children, were some of the best in the world. Now it is among the bottom 20%. In 10 years, child mortality has gone from one of the lowest in the world, to the highest. ” The last impact of sanction and US policy is increase in death.
Due to the sanction and US policy, people in Iraq especially children get suffer and dying because of diseases and lack of nutrition. When asked on US television if she [Madeline Albright, US Secretary of State] thought that the death of half a million Iraqi children [from sanction in Iraq] was a price worth paying, Albright replied: “This is a very hard choice, but we think the price is worth it. ” (John Pilger, 2000). This statement cannot be excused, people in Iraq suffered and almost dying because of the sanction but they live happily in their country.
Who do not want freedom in their life. Iraq wants a freedom from sanction and US policy, so they fight back for their country but because of lack of weapon many of Iraqi dead in war. Besides, US technologies is more higher than Iraq, they test their weapon to Iraq and Iraqis become victims and many of them dead and this is related to the decrease in facilities in hospitals and clinic and lack of equipment and medical drugs for patients to get treatment. As conclusion, the sanction and US policy give suffer and pressure to people in Iraq.
Due to the sanction and US policy, they take a huge impacts and effect in their harmony country such as decline in economy, decrease in healthy level, and increase in death. To recover from the nightmare that they had, they need a lot of time to maintain their economy and healthy level in their country. They need to rebuild their country and their spirit to overcome from trouble in the future.
REFERENCES * John, P. Squeezed To Death. Retrieved September 12, 2012, from http://www. globalissues. org/ * Authority of the House of Lords. 2007). The Impact of Economic Sanction. Retrieved September 14, 2012, from http://www. publications. parliament. uk * Governor Richardson Calls for an Exit Strategy in Iraq and Stands by the Clinton-Era Sanctions, Democracy Now. ( 2005). Retreived September 15, 2012, from http://www. democracynow. org/ * Anthony, A. (2002). Iraq Under Siege: The Deadly Impact of Sanctions and War. South End Press Publishing. * Ramsey, C. (1996). The Impact of Sanctions on Iraq: The Children Are Dying. World View Forum Pub Publishing.