Every text is a reflection of it compositional context, this is evident in ‘Animal Farm’ by George Orwell. The controversial and political corruptions that occurred in Russia during 1917 are portrayed in this book, which explores the corruption of socialist ideals in the Soviet Union and the negative impact on the uneducated working class people. Animal farm introducers the abuse of language to gain power, in order to satisfy personal greed as well.
This book is allegorical as it represents the historical time era of the Russian revolution through the use of animal, which symbolise different people and incidents in this time period revealing the impact of power on individuals. The hypocritical corruption of the Soviet Union at its socialists Ideal is represented in this book. While Jones, who represents Tsar Nicholas II, is in charge of the farm, the animals were all against his attitude towards the animals living on the farm. The Major, who represents both Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin, uses rhetoric to persuade the animals to undertake the rebellion.
This symbolises the historical event of Vladimir Lenin taking over Russia as the new dictator. The hypocrisy evident in the novel is the genuine idea to equality. All of the farm animals lived by the motto all animals are equal”, however once Napoleon took over it is clear equality is defined only to benefit Napoleon and his party only. This is represented in the pigs sleeping in Mr. Jones house “live in a house than in a mere sty”, when after the rebellion all the animals agreed that no animal lived in that house.
There excuse to living in that house was because they were the brains of the farm, therefore needed proper rest. Mr Jones was described to not have any understanding about what happened in his farm he, “went to sleep on the drawing-room sofa with the news of the world over his face”, this symbolises Tsar Nicholas and his attitude to the rest of Russia. However, ironically Napoleon eventually shut himself out from the rest if the farm as well, “Napoleon rarely appeared in public, but spent all his time in the farm house. ”This clearly outlines the hypocritical corruption which both governments in animal Farm and Russia had.
Social stratification with some animals considered naive and therefore inferior. This is represented through the certain events that occur in animal Farm. Context is reflected as during the Russian revolution the working class people were influenced very easily. Any government good or bad we could have been able to convince the uneducated people of Russia to believing anything. Orwell uses the repeating rhetorical question of “do you want Jones to come back? ”Even when he had fled the Farm long before, emphasises how naive and how quickly the animals believe it and do what they are told to do.
When boxer becomes ill and gets taken away in an “Alfred Simmonds, Horse slaughter and Glue Boiled Willingdon…. ”van, squealer only needed to guilt trip the animals into being ashamed for think such a thing. During executions where uneducated animals confessed to doing actions that weren’t that serious like “ having secreted six ear of corn…… urinating in the drinking pool… ” emphasises on how naive the animals were as they believed it was the right thing to do, even when they knew it would cost their life.
Towards the end of the book the animals soon realised how “harsh and bare” things were but they believed it had been worse in the old days”. Squealer only needed to accumulate some positive attributes that occurred on the farm “more oats, more hay more turnips…. drinking water was of better quality… ”for all the animals to believe everything was perfect. This reflects on the Russian people during the Russian Revolution as this was generally how people acted during this period of time. The abuse of language to gain power and to make a biased environment is also another theme that is evident in this book.
This reflects the context as this was what Stalin did to the working class people. This is represented through the sly, unfair actions done by the pigs. The pigs make subtle manipulations to the socialist revolution to claim their actions as correct. This creates confusion and shows how small alteration to the label such as “No animal shall kill any other animal,” can turn into “No animal shall kill any other animal, without cause” can ironically make more sense to the animals. This emphasises how the pigs would change any law to suite their preference in order to maintain their high status.
The manipulation of words does not happen once, the changing of commandments happens two more times, “No animal shall drink alcohol” becomes “No animals shall drink alcohol to excess” and “all animals are equal” becomes “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others. ” The repetition of changing the ideals to satisfy the pigs and to fool the animals into believing what they are doing is right is clearly evident in the text. George Orwell has used the commandments to symbolise the Ideals they had In the Russian revolution and how Stalin’s government manipulated it, so nothing was held as a threat to their government. Animal farm’ by George Orwell is novel written in high audacity. It has been written to cover all aspects of the Russian Revolution outlining obviously characteristics that most people were afraid to mention. The corruption and influence that affected many Russian people’s Lives due to greed of power and self satisfaction. This book explores the ideas and is creatively written to give a real sense of what happened during the Russian revolution. This text reflects its compositional context in many ways.