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Submitted by LIU, JUN (388185) on 12/20/2010 11:04:15 AM Points Awarded| 0. 00| Points Missed| 0. 00| Percentage| 0%| 1. What is the current population of the Earth? A) 6. 6 million B) 660 million C) 1. 6 billion D) 6. 6 billion E) 1. 6 trillion | | | 2. According to the core-periphery model, where are the richest nations in the world mostly located? A) Southern Hemisphere B) Western Hemisphere C) Northern Hemisphere D) Eastern Hemisphere E) on the Equator | | | 3. Which of the following is NOT an indicator of Social Development? A) life expectancy

B) under age 5 mortality rate C) adult literacy rate D) infant mortality rate E) population density | | | 4. What are centrifugal forces? A) cultural and political forces acting to weaken or divide an existing state B) geological forces acting to cause tectonic plates to move further apart C) economic forces acting to worsen a region’s economy D) geophysical forces acting to create earthquakes E) sociological forces acting to promote out-migration | | | 5. What is an ethnic religion? A) a religion that seeks the highest ethical values

B) a religion that remains identified with a specific national group C) a religion that originates within a small, relatively isolated geographic area D) a religion that rejects any converts E) an animist religion | | | 6. What country is well known for its official prohibition against unwanted cultural traits, especially in its language? A) France B) United States C) Australia D) India E) Japan | | | 7. What are centripetal forces? A) geological forces acting to cause tectonic plates to move closer together

B) cultural and political forces that promote political unity and reinforce the state structure C) economic forces acting to improve a region’s economy D) geophysical forces acting to prevent earthquakes E) sociological forces acting to promote in-migration | | | 8. All of the following are arguments in favor of globalization, EXCEPT A) globalization is a logical expression of international capitalism that will benefit all peoples and all nations. B) globalization encourages the spread of beneficial new technologies and ideas.

C) the removal of trade barriers will cause inefficient local industries to become more efficient, and more able to compete internationally. D) each country and region of the world will profit by concentrating on the activities for which they are best suited in the global economy. E) globalization will lead to world peace. | | | 9. According to your text’s authors, globalization is the most fundamental reorganization of our planet’s social and economic structures since which of the following events? A) Ice Age B) Demographic Transition C) Industrial Revolution D) World War II E) the Renaissance | | | 0. Which of the following factors influences life expectancy? A) sanitation B) accident rates C) frequency of disease D) nutrition E) all of these | | | 1. Which of the following is (are) an ethnic religion(s)? A) Judaism B) Hinduism C) Mormonism D) Judaism and Hinduism E) Judaism, Hinduism, and Mormonism 2. What does LDC stand for? A) linked democracies charter B) liberal democracy of China C) less developed country D) liberated democratic country E) last decolonized countries 3. In which stage of the Demographic Transition are birth rate and death rate both low? A) stage 1 B) stage 2 C) stage 3

D) stage 4 E) all of these 4. What is the current overall rate of natural increase (RNI) for the world? A) 0. 2% per year B) 1. 2% per year C) 2% per year D) 8% per year E) 12% per year 5. Which measure represents the international definition of poverty? A) total fertility rate B) under age 5 mortality C) percentage of the population living on less than $2 per day D) gender equity E) GDP average annual percent growth 6. What is the process of a colony’s gaining (or regaining) control over its territory and establishing a separate, independent government? A) Revolution B) Imperialism C) Colonization

D) Decolonialization E) Autonomy 7. The growing interconnectedness of people and places through converging processes of economic, political, and cultural change is ________. A) global geography B) globalization C) world geography D) diversity E) colonialism 8. What part of the world has become a major source of both pornography and prostitution as a result of globalization? A) the Caribbean B) Eastern Europe C) Sub-Saharan Africa D) North America E) South Asia 9. Which of the following is part of the criminal element of globalization? A) drugs B) pornography C) prostitution D) terrorism E) all of these 10.

Which of the following is NOT shown in the Demographic Transition graph? A) total population B) birth rate C) death rate D) gender distribution of the population E) 4 stages Percentage| 0%| 1. How common are nation-states? A) totally nonexistent B) relatively rare C) very common D) universal – every country is a nation-state E) no one knows | | | 2. In migration, which of the following is an example of a pull force? A) unemployment in a person’s homeland B) war in a potential destination C) economic opportunity in a person’s homeland D) religious freedom in a potential destination E) a college scholarship in a person’s homeland | | 3. The term “Third World” was originally a product of which of the following? A) The Cold War B) World War II C) The Kyoto Protocol D) a United Nations ruling E) asymmetrical warfare associated with terrorism | | | 4. In which stages of the Demographic Transition is the rate of natural increase (RNI) low? A) stage 1 and stage 3 B) stage 1 and stage 4 C) stage 2 and stage 3 D) stage 2 and stage 4 E) stage 3 and stage 4 | | | 5. Which of the following religions are most closely related to Judaism? A) Christianity and Islam B) Hinduism and Sikhism C) Shinto and Buddhism D) Animism and Zoroastrianism

E) Taoism and Confucianism | | | 6. What is the current population of the Earth? A) 6. 6 million B) 660 million C) 1. 6 billion D) 6. 6 billion E) 1. 6 trillion | | | 7. Cultural syncretism is a synonym for which of the following phrases? A) cultural development B) cultural hybridization C) cultural evolution D) cultural disintegration E) cultural nationalism | | | 8. Overall, what percentage of the world’s population lives in cities? A) 10% B) 30% C) 50% D) 70% E) 90% | | | 9. What is the current total fertility rate (TFR) for the world as a whole? A) 1. 8 children B) 2. 1 children C) 2. 7 children D) 3. children E) 3. 8 children | | | 10. Which of the following problems does international globalization aggravate? A) climate change B) air pollution C) water pollution D) deforestation E) all of these 1. Approximately how many of the earth’s people are Muslim? A) 500 million B) 1. 3 billion C) 1. 9 billion D) 2. 4 billion E) 2. 8 billion | | | 2. What is an ethnic religion? A) a religion that seeks the highest ethical values B) a religion that remains identified with a specific national group C) a religion that originates within a small, relatively isolated geographic area D) a religion that rejects any converts

E) an animist religion | | | 3. Which of the following countries does not fit the core-periphery model? A) Russia B) Singapore C) Australia D) New Zealand E) all of these | | | 4. What part of the world has had its economy reoriented to drug smuggling and money laundering as the result of globalization? A) Eastern Europe B) Sub-Saharan Africa C) the Caribbean D) North America E) South Asia | | | 5. What country has seen a drop in average life expectancy in recent years as a result of declining economic conditions? A) Japan B) United States

C) Germany D) Canada E) Russia | | | 6. What does Gross Domestic Product measure? A) the value of all final goods and services produced in a country B) the value of all final goods and services produced in a country plus the net income from abroad C) the value of all final goods and services produced in a country plus the net income from abroad, taking into account nonmarket economic activity D) the value of all final goods and services produced in a country, including all nonmarket economic activities E) the value of a country’s stock market | | 7. What is the Group of Eight (G-8)? A) the world’s top national soccer teams B) the exclusive club of the world’s richest nations C) the world’s richest transnational corporations D) another name for the United Nations Security Council E) the member nations of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization | | | 8. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of our increasingly globalized world?

A) communications systems that link all regions of the earth instantaneously B) transportation systems capable of moving goods quickly by air, sea, and land C) powerful transnational conglomerate corporations D) proliferation of local folk cultures E) new and more flexible forms of monetary flow | | | 9. A population pyramid with a wide base and a narrow peak is characteristic of what kind of growth rate? A) slow growth B) zero growth C) rapid growth D) negative growth E) it is impossible to tell the growth rate based on the shape of a population pyramid | | | 10. What is asymmetrical warfare?

A) term that describes the differences between a superpower’s military technology and lower-level technology and guerilla tactics used by groups such as al – Qaeda and the Taliban B) term that describes the differences between a superpower’s military technology and lower-level technology of a non-superpower C) term that describes the differences between conventional weapons and biological weapons D) term that describes the differences between conventional weapons and nuclear weapons E) term that describes the differences between the conventional weapons available to a government’s military and the primitive weapons, such as spears and rocks, available to traditional tribal peoples | | 1. In which stage of the Demographic Transition are birth rate and death rate both low? A) stage 1 B) stage 2 C) stage 3 D) stage 4 E) all of these Points Earned: | 0. 5/0. 5 | | 2. According to the core-periphery model, which of the following countries is part of the periphery? A) United States B) Canada

C) Japan D) United Kingdom E) India Points Earned: | 0. 0/0. 5 | | 3. Which of the following often accompanies high female illiteracy? A) high death rate B) low birthrate C) high birthrate D) low death rate E) high rate of participation by women in the labor force Points Earned: | 0. 5/0. 5 | | 4. What is the process of a colony’s gaining (or regaining) control over its territory and establishing a separate, independent government? A) Revolution B) Imperialism C) Colonization D) Decolonialization E) Autonomy Points Earned: | 0. 0/0. 5 | | 5. Which of the following factors influences life expectancy? A) availability of health services B) nutrition

C) frequency or absence of disease D) sanitation E) all of these Points Earned: | 0. 5/0. 5 | | 6. The term “Third World” was originally a product of which of the following? A) The Cold War B) World War II C) The Kyoto Protocol D) a United Nations ruling E) asymmetrical warfare associated with terrorism Points Earned: | 0. 5/0. 5 | | 7. What does the Adult Literacy Rate measure? A) college graduates B) ability to read C) people who have received vaccinations D) access to the internet E) all of these Points Earned: | 0. 5/0. 5 | | 8. Which of the following countries does not fit the core-periphery model? A) Russia B) Singapore C) Australia D) New Zealand E) all of these

Points Earned: | 0. 0/0. 5 | | 9. What is asymmetrical warfare? A) term that describes the differences between a superpower’s military technology and lower-level technology and guerilla tactics used by groups such as al – Qaeda and the Taliban B) term that describes the differences between a superpower’s military technology and lower-level technology of a non-superpower C) term that describes the differences between conventional weapons and biological weapons D) term that describes the differences between conventional weapons and nuclear weapons E) term that describes the differences between the conventional weapons available to a government’s ilitary and the primitive weapons, such as spears and rocks, available to traditional tribal peoples Points Earned: | 0. 5/0. 5 | | 10. Which of the following factors influences life expectancy? A) sanitation B) accident rates C) frequency of disease D) nutrition E) all of these Points Earned: | 0. 5/0. 5 | | 1. What do most scholars agree is the most significant component of globalization? A) global warming B) political transition around the planet C) international terrorism D) cultural hybridization E) economic reorganization of the world | | | 2. What is the average rate of urbanization for developing countries? A) between 10% and 20% B) between 20% and 30% C) between 30% and 40% D) between 40% and 50%

E) between 50% and 60% | | | 3. Which of the following groups is most likely to disrupt local ecosystems in their search for natural resources and manufacturing sites? A) governments B) transnational firms C) indigenous ethnic groups D) international organizations such as the United Nations E) non-governmental organizations, such as Greenpeace | | | 4. The term “Third World” was originally a product of which of the following? A) The Cold War B) World War II C) The Kyoto Protocol D) a United Nations ruling E) asymmetrical warfare associated with terrorism | | | 5. How do the authors of your text (Globalization & Diversity) define globalization?

A) the growing interconnectedness of people and places through converging processes of economic, political, and cultural change B) the spread of McDonald’s throughout the world C) the trend toward international trade agreements among the countries of the world D) the pattern of increasing telephone and internet connections around the world E) the growth of international and supranational organizations uniting the world’s people | | | 6. Which of the following is an example of a centrifugal force? A) shared sense of history B) need for military security C) ethnic separatism D) overarching economic structure E) advantages that come from larger unified political structure | | | 7. What is the distinctive form of a language that is associated with different regions? A) lingua franca

B) official language C) language group D) dialect E) language family | | | 8. What is micronationalism? A) the break-up of large countries into smaller ones, for example the former Soviet Union B) the name given to describe the unification of many countries through international agreements such as the European Union C) the name given to describe a multi-ethnic society, such as the United States D) the process of re-drawing electoral districts to make them smaller E) group identity with the goal of self-rule within an existing nation-state | | | 9. All of the following are arguments against globalization, EXCEPT A) globalization is not a “natural” process.

B) globalization is a policy promoted by free-trade advocates, capitalist countries, and multinational firms, all of which benefit from the process. C) policies of globalization increase the differences between rich and poor in the world. D) globalization will lead to the use of nuclear weapons. E) globalization is dangerously unstable. | | | 10. How does one calculate the Gross National Income (GNI) per capita? A) divide a country’s GNI by the population of that same country B) multiply a country’s GNI by the population of that same country C) divide a country’s GNI by 10,000 D) multiply a country’s GNI by 10,000 E) multiply a country’s GNI by its population, then divide by 10,000 | | |

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