Explain what is meant by: Diversity – Diversity means difference. Diversity recognises that though people have things in common with each other, they are also different and unique in many ways. Diversity is about recognising and valuing those differences. Diversity therefore consists of visible and non-visible factors, which include personal characteristics such as background, culture, personality and work-style in addition to the characteristics that are protected under discrimination legislation in terms of race, disability, gender, religion and belief, sexual orientation and age.

Inclusion – Equality is the current term for ‘equal opportunities’. It is based on the legal obligation to comply with anti-discrimination legislation. Equality protects people from being discriminated against on the grounds of group membership i. e. sex, race, disability, sexual orientation, religion, belief, or age. Participation – To include all children and getting children involved in activities including sitting children in high chairs so they can participate and get involved. It is important that children participate in a variety of tasks and activity so they can develop.

When children participate it also enables them in decision making. 2) Explain the importance of anti-discriminatory/ anti-bias practice, giving examples of how it is applied in practice with children and carers. Anti-discriminatory practice is very important in a childcare setting to ensure that everyone involved in the setting, such as children, parents/carers and staff members are not discriminated against in relation to their age, disability, ethnicity, gender, health, religious beliefs and sexuality.

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In my setting we apply anti-discriminatory practice with children by ensuring we show no favouritism in children and all the children get treated the same, also we ensure we do not refuse any children because of their beliefs, religion etc. Also in my setting we implement anti-discriminatory practice by ensuring the children are educated with other children’s religion, beliefs and ethnicity and give all children the opportunity to take part in different festival and religion activities within the nursery. 3) Explain how the active participation of children in decisions affecting their lives promotes the achievement of positive outcomes.

Active participation gives children and families a say in how provision is made for them. It is important to make the setting warm and welcoming for children and parents and somewhere they feel comfortable. All children will need an environment that encourages and provides; exploration, experimentation, problem solving, taking risks safely, a variety of activities, accessible resources, language and interaction, a welcome to all families of all cultures and religions, places to rest and eat, and an outdoor learning environment that is challenging and promotes learning.

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In my setting it is important that we let children take risks in order for them to develop their learning. For example in the baby room at work it is important to allow the babies to take some risks when beginning/learning to walk. It is essential that before a child begins to walk they have a few trips and falls to allow them to learn and get their balance which is crucial for them to have before they begin walking unaided. Another example would be in the pre-school room.

It is important that in the pre-school children are able to use scissors to develop their cutting skills. It is important for staff to supervise them whilst they do so but let the children learn the correct way of handling scissors. Lastly, in the baby room at work we encourage the children to attempt to climb the garden slides. This enables their physical skills and helps them become more confident with their balance. However, to be able to enhance these skills they must be able to take the risks to do so.