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Howard hughes real estate

Howard Hughes Corporation (HHC) is a real estate development and Management Company operating in Houston, Las Vegas and Maryland. Since its inception in 1913, it has posted a solid track record with significant improvements it is operating income. It mainly focuses on establishing business parks as well as shopping centers in Las Vegas. It also owns some malls and numerous residential homes with mixed-use buildings. It is also the owner of New York City South Street Seaport. Ideally, the company which is now the second largest mall operator in the country was on the verge of collapse in 2009 when it faced a distress in it credit market conditions.

Real estate is a highly class business-cycle sensitive asset class dynamic especially the constantly changing real estate prices. However, Howard Hughes has come out strongly as a trustable company which has worn the hearts of many investors especially from its strong developed a strong real estate portfolio and gained public trust.

The company develops, operates and sells properties in master planned communities. Through the sales it makes, it is able to generate massive revenue. Ideally, it has four key master planned communities in Houston, Las Vegas and Maryland in addition to the business segments it holds including operating assets (retail properties) as well as the real estate development portfolio.

Comparative Income Statement of HHC

THE HOWARD HUGHES CORP  (HHC)

Fiscal year ends in December. USD in millions except per share data.

 

 

 

 

 

        Difference

 

2012-12

2016-12

2012-12

2016-12

$

%

Revenue

100.00%

100.00%

377

1035

658.00

174.54%

Expenses

 

 

 

 

0.00

 

Operating expenses

65.25%

48.41%

246

501

255.00

103.66%

Depreciation and amortization

6.37%

9.28%

24

96

72.00

300.00%

Sales, General and administrative

9.02%

10.72%

34

111

77.00

226.47%

Total expenses

80.64%

68.41%

304

708

404.00

132.89%

Operating income

19.10%

31.59%

72

327

255.00

354.17%

Interest income

2.39%

0.10%

9

1

-8.00

-88.89%

Interest expenses

0.27%

6.38%

1

66

65.00

6500%

Other income (expense)

-53.58%

5.60%

-202

58

260.00

-128.71%

Income before income taxes

-32.10%

31.01%

-121

321

442.00

-365.29%

Provision for income taxes

1.86%

11.40%

7

118

111.00

1585.71%

Net income from continuing operations

-33.95%

19.52%

-128

202

330.00

-257.81%

Other

-0.27%

0.00%

-1

0

1.00

-100.00%

Net income

-33.95%

19.52%

-128

202

330.00

-257.81%

Net income available to common shareholders

-33.95%

19.52%

-128

202

330.00

-257.81%

Earnings per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

-3.36

5.12

-3.36

5.12

8.48

-252.38%

Diluted

-3.36

4.73

-3.36

4.73

8.09

-240.77%

Weighted average shares outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

38

39

38

39

1.00

2.63%

Diluted

38

43

38

43

5.00

13.16%

EBITDA

-25.20%

46.57%

-95

482

577.00

-607.37%

Incomes

Comparing the year 2012 and 2016, it can be seen that there has been has generally been an increase in the revenue amount by 174.54% postulating an upward trend which consequently implies that Howard has been profitable from its operations. The revenue in 2012 was $377 while in 2016 it was $1035. This shows that the incomes increased by $658 representing an increase by 174.5% increase in revenues. With regards to the net incomes from operations, Howard Inc. increased in its profit level from a loss of $-128 to a profit of $202 in 2016 which represents an increase of 257.81%. The profitability ratios are as follows:

 

2012

2016

Profitability Margin

— (33.95)%

19.52%

The increase in profitability from (33.95%) to 19.52% shows that the company increased in profitability over the years. 

Expenses

Taking a look at the expenses, there has also been an upward increase in the expenses and this may be due to the expenses incurred in acquiring properties as well as general and administrative expenses. The amount of total expenses in 2012 was $304 while in 2016 it was 708 representing an increase by 132.9%. A huge proportion of the expenses were as a result of operating expenses. 

Basic Earnings per share of HHC

The basic earnings per share has continuously increased from the years 2012 to 2016 and due to this, investors are very much interested in investing in the organization. The basic earnings per share increased from -3.36 to 5.12 which implies that the investment of shareholders in Howard gained value in 2016 than in 2012. 

Comparative Balance sheet Statement

THE HOWARD HUGHES CORP  (HHC)

Fiscal year ends in December. USD in millions except per share data.

 

%

$

 

 

2012-12

2016-12

2012-12

2016-12

Difference

Assets

 

 

 

 

$

%

Real estate properties

70.60%

78.22%

2473

4980

2507

101.37%

Accumulated depreciation

-3.20%

-3.86%

-112

-246

-134

119.64%

Real estate properties, net

67.37%

74.35%

2360

4734

2374

100.59%

Cash and cash equivalents

6.54%

10.46%

229

666

437

190.83%

Receivables

12.87%

2.51%

451

160

-291

-64.52%

Other assets

13.19%

12.67%

462

807

345

74.68%

Total assets

100.00%

100.00%

3503

6367

2864

81.76%

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity

;

;

;

;

;

Liabilities

;

;

;

;

;

;

Long-term debt

19.64%

42.26%

688

2691

2003

291.13%

Payables and accrued expenses

4.88%

7.65%

171

487

316

184.80%

Other liabilities

9.68%

9.77%

339

622

283

83.48%

Total liabilities

34.20%

59.68%

1198

3800

2602

217.20%

Stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock

0.00%

0.00%

0

0

 

 

Additional paid-in capital

80.62%

44.81%

2824

2853

29

1.03%

Retained earnings

-14.56%

-4.37%

-510

-278

232

-45.49%

Treasury stock

0.00%

-0.02%

 

-1

-1

0

Accumulated other comprehensive income

-0.29%

-0.11%

-10

-7

3

-30.00%

Total stockholders’ equity

65.80%

40.33%

2305

2568

263

11.41%

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

100.00%

100.00%

3503

6367

2864

81.76%

Comparative analysis of Howard Balances sheet between the years 2012 and 2016

Howard has continuously increased its capital base in terms of the assets it has continued to purchase.  Taking a comparison between the year 2012 and 2016, Howard has increased its real assets base by 8% and its total assets base by USD $2730.  This can be attributed to the fact that Howard acquired new properties.

In 2012, the long term debt stood at $688 and in 2016, Howard had increased its long term debt by $2003. This was the same case with trade payables as well as other liabilities which increased by $316 and $283 respectively each implying that there was increase in the debt level by 22.62%, 2.77% and 0.09% respectively. The implication of this is that Howard borrowed more money from external financial organizations most of which were debts payable over long period of time. The retained earnings however increased by $232 representing a 10.19% change. However, the retained earnings were negative implying that I overdrew the retained earnings probably to invest in other ventures, pay shareholders or reduce its debt. 

current ratio

 

 

 

2012

2016

Total current assets

1142

1633

Total current liabilities

1198

3800

Current ratio

0.95326

0.42974

The current ratio decreased by 0.52 showing that company financed its liabilities less in 2016 than in 2012. 

Debt ratio

debt ratio

2012

2016

Total debt

1198

3800

Total assets

3503

6367

Debt ratio

0.34199

0.59683

 The company increased in the debt ratio shows that it increased in the amount of debt. The debt ratio increased by 0.25 implying that the company took more debt in 2016 than in 2012. 

Cashflow Statements

Preparation of the cashflows using Indirect Method

Cash Flows From Operating Activities

 

Net income

202

Adjustments:

 

Depreciation & amortization

72

Interest loss

8

Deferred income taxes

111

Interest Expenses

65

Decrease in accounts receivables

291

Increase in other current assets

(345)

Increase in payables

316

Net cash generated from operating activities

518

Cashflow before Investing activities

720

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES

 

Acquisitions real estate, net

(2374)

Investment in properties and investments

(144)

Net cash used for investing activities

(2,518)

Cashflow before financing activities

(1,798)

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 

Increase in additional paid-in-capital

29

Increase in long-term debt

2003

Increase in other Liabilities

283

Net cash provided by from financing activities

2,315

Net change in cash

517

Cash at beginning of period

229

Cash at end of period

746

The cashflow from operating activities was $518.  The non-cash adjustments including depreciation and amortization plus the interest and tax expenses were added to the net income inorder to obtain the cashflows from operating activities. Comparing the accounts receivables of Howard Company in the years 2012 and 2016, it can be seen that Howard’s account receivables decreased while the balance of other current assets increased. This was the same case with the accounts payables. The decrease in accounts receivables and the increase in accounts payables was added to the cashflows since this represented an increase in the cashflows amount of the company. 

The cashflows from investing activities totaled to (2,518). This figure was contributed greatly the acquisition of real estate properties as well as investments. 

The cashflows from financing activities was 2,315. In this case, the additional paid-in-capital, acquisition of long-term debt as well as other liabilities were added up to the cashflows from investing activities to obtain a net cashflows of $517. Adding the cashflows to the opening cash and cash equivalent, the cash at the end of period which represents the closing balance of $746 is obtained. 

Income Statement Ratios

Net Profit Margin

Net profit margin = Net income

Sales/Revenue

The net profit margin of HHC

The net profit margin is also known as the return on sales. It indicates how much of each dollar of sales is left over after all expenses.

Year

2012

2016

Net profit margin

-128/ 377 = – 0.34

202/1035 = 0.20

Explanation

The net profit margin has continuously increased form the year 2012 (-0.34) to 2016 (0.20). The upward trend in the net profit margin shows that Howard had more net profit left after all expenses had been paid in 2016 than in all other years.  

Balance Sheet Ratios

Debt ratio = Total Debt/Total asset

Year

2012

2016

Debt Ratio

1198/3503 = 0.34

3800/6367 = 0.60

What does the debt to equity ratio tell us

The debt ratio indicates the proportion of assets that are financed with debt. It measures the extent to which borrowed funds have been used to finance the firm’s operations.

Explanation

From the debt ratio, it is clear that Howard has continuously increased its borrowing since the debt ratio has been continuously increased from 0.34 to 0.60 in 2016. It also indicates that most of the finances of the company has been outsourced using borrowed funds thus the reason for a higher proportion of debt financed by assets in 2016.

Conclusion

Howard Hughes has a promising future especially because it has continuously showed positive progress, growth as well as profitability. The revenues it has posted over the previous years has shown that it has been operating favorably and this has indeed attracted other investors to join the company.

Recommendation

As Howard continues to look for means of financing its operations, it would be recommendable to reduce the proportion of its debt as well as the operational and miscellaneous expenditures that it incurs. It should focus more on financing its activities through its own funds.

One way it could do this is by ploughing back its profits and to achieve this, it should reduce the dividend payout amount and increase its investments through ploughed back profits. Howard should thus check its expenses and cost level and ensures that it regulates the expenditures in a prudent way. Also, Howard can also consider making additional investment which bring about an increase in the investment level.

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References

Arkan, T., Barburski, J., Bolek, M., Gostkowska-Drzewicka, M., Homa, M., MoKHcibrodzka, M., … ; Osiichuk, D. (2016). The Importance of Financial Ratios in Predicting Stock Price Trends: A Case Study in Emerging Markets.T Finanse. Rynki Finansowe. Ubezpieczenia, (1 (79) Rynek kapitaKHowy i zarzFdzanie wartoKHciF), 13-26.

Bhattacharyya, H. (2007).T Total management by ratios: An analytic approach to management control and stock market valuations. New Delhi: Sage Publications

Duchin, R., ; Sosyura, D. (2014). Safer ratios, riskier portfolios: BankszG response to government aid.T Journal of Financial Economics,T 113(1), 1-28.

Films for the Humanities ; Sciences (Firm), Films Media Group., ; Agency for Instructional Technology. (2008).T Ratios. New York, N.Y: Films Media Group.T;

Films on Demand., ; Films Media Group. (1995).T Ratios. Lawrenceville, NJ: Films Media Group.

MorningStar. Accessible on 4 March 2017. Available at http://financials.morningstar.com/cash-flow/cf.html?t=HHC;region=usa;culture=en-US

ReadyRatios. Accessible on 4 March 2017. Available at https://www.readyratios.com/reference/profitability/

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