Tagore was born on May 9, 1861 in an affluent family in the Jorasanko Mansion in Kolkata. His parents were Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi. Rabindranath Tagore was born in Calcutta, India into a wealthy Brahmin family. After a brief stay in England (1878) to attempt to study law, he returned to India, and instead pursued a career as a writer, playwright, songwriter, poet, philosopher and educator. During the first 51 years of his life he achieved some success in the Calcutta area of India where he was born and raised with his many stories, songs and plays.
His short stories were published monthly in a friend’s magazine and he even played the lead role in a few of the public performances of his plays. Otherwise, he was little known outside of the Calcutta area, and not known at all outside of India. This all suddenly changto England for the first time since his failed attempt at law school as a teenager. Now a man of 51, his was accompanied by his son. On the way over to England he began translating, for the first time, his latest selections of poems, Gitanjali, intoEnglish. Almost all of his work prior to that time had been written in his native tongue of Bengali.
He decided to do this just to have something to do, with no expectation at all that his first time translation efforts would be any good. He made the handwritten translations in a little notebook he carried around with him and worked on during the long sea voyage from India. Upon arrival, his son left his father’s brief case with this notebook in the Londo Rabindranath Tagore Rabindranath Tagore also known as Gurudev, was a renowned Bengali poet, playwright, novelist, visual artist, composer, educationist, social reformer, nationalist and business-manager.
He contributed a lot to Bengali literature and music in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He was the first Asian Nobel Laureate who won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913. Tagore wrote several novels, short stories, songs, dance-dramas and essays on personal and political topics. To mention some of his well-known works are Gitanjali, Gora and Ghare Baire. He received worldwide appreciation for the use of colloquial language and naturalism in his works. Two of his songs are now the national anthems of India and Bangladesh – the Jana Gana Mana and the Amar Shonar Bangla and respectively.
Life of Rabindranathn subway. Fortunately, an honest person turneded in 1912. As a teenager two of his notable works include the short story Bhikarini and Sandhya Sangeet. Most of his basic education was at home. After a short stay in England in an attempt to study Law, he returned to India and instead pursued a career as a writer, poet, playwright, song composer, philosopher and educator. On December 9, 1883 he married Mrinalini Devi. In 1915 he was knighted by the British king, King George V. In 1890, Tagore began managing his family’s estates in Shilaidaha, a region now in Bangladesh.
Works of Rabindranath Tagore In 1901 and 1906 he composed Naivedya and Kheya. In 1912 he returned to England when for the first time he translated his collection of poems – Gitanjali into English. After it was published Tagore immediately became famous among the literary circlesRabindranath Tagore In 1901 Tagore founded a school outside Calcutta, Visva-Bharati, which was dedicated to emerging Western and Indian philosophy and education. It become a university in 1921. He produced poems, novels, stories, a history of India, textbooks, and treatises on pedagogy.
Tagore’s wife died in 1902, next year one of his daughters died, and in 1907 Tagore lost his younger son. Tagore’s reputation as a writer was established in the United States and in England after the publication of GITANJALI: SONG OFFERINGS, about divine and human love. The poems were translated into English by the author himself. In the introduction from 1912 William Butler Yates wrote: “These lyrics – which are in the original, my Indians tell me, full of subtlety of rhythm, of untranslatable delicacies of colour, of metrical invention – display in their thought a world I have dreamed of all my life long. Tagore’s poems were also praised by Ezra Pound, and drew the attention of the Nobel Prize committee. in London. Gradually… Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) was the youngest son of Debendranath Tagore, a leader of the Brahmo Samaj, which was a new religious sect in nineteenth-century Bengal and which attempted a revival of the ultimate monistic basis of Hinduism as laid down in the Upanishads.
He was educated at home; and although at seventeen he was sent to England for formal schooling, he did not finish his studies there. In his mature years, in addition to his many-sided literary activities, he managed he family estates, a project which brought him into close touch with common humanity and increased his interest in social reforms. He also started an experimental school at Shantiniketan where he tried his Upanishadic ideals of education. From time to time he participated in the Indian nationalist movement, though in his own non-sentimental and visionary way; and Gandhi, the political father of modern India, was his devoted friend. Tagore was knighted by the ruling British Government in 1915, but witresigned the honour as a protest against British policies in India.
Tagore had early success as a writer in his native Bengal. With his translations of some of his poems he became rapidly known in the West. In fact his fame attained a luminous height, taking him across continents on lecture tours and tours of friendship. For the world he became the voice of India’s spiritual heritage; and for India, especially for Bengal, he became a great living institution. Although Tagore wrote successfully in all literary genres, he was first of all a poet. Among his fifty and odd volumes of poetry are Manasi (1890) [The Ideal One], Sonar Tari (1894) [The Golden Boat], Gitanjhin a few years he